Sage Orthopaedics

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Welcome to the official free Podcast from SAGE for Orthopaedics.SAGE is a leading international publisher of journals, books, and electronic media for academic, educational, and professional markets with principal offices in Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, and Singapore.

Episódios

  • AJSM January 2022 Podcast: Rotator Cuff Tear Size Regulates Fibroadipogenic Progenitor Number and Gene Expression Profile in the Supraspinatus Independent of Patient Age

    03/01/2022 Duração: 15min

    Fatty infiltration of rotator cuff muscle is a limiting factor in the success of repairs. Fibroadipogenic progenitors (FAPs) are a population of stem cells within the rotator cuff that can differentiate into white adipocytes, fibroblasts, and beige adipocytes. The effects of patient age and rotator cuff tendon tear size on the number, differentiation patterns, and gene expression profiles of FAPs have not yet been analyzed. In conclusion, patient age and rotator cuff tear size independently regulated FAP number, differentiation, and gene expression. Age and tear size were positively correlated with increased FAP number and fibrogenic/adipogenic differentiation. Advancing patient age did not limit FAP beige differentiation and gene expression, while increasing rotator cuff tear size strongly inhibited these processes.   Click here to read the article.

  • AJSM January 2022 5-in-5 Podcast

    03/01/2022 Duração: 04min

    Five articles from the January 2022 issue summarized in five minutes, with the addition of a brief editorial commentary. The 5-in-5 feature is designed to give readers an overview of articles that may pique their interest and encourage more detailed reading. It may also be used by busy readers who would prefer a brief audio summary in order to select the articles they want to read in full The featured articles for this month are, "Survivorship Rate and Clinical Outcomes 10 Years After Arthroscopic Correction of Symptomatic Femoroacetabular Impingement", "Higher Incidence of Radiographic Posttraumatic Osteoarthritis With Transtibial Femoral Tunnel Positioning Compared With Anteromedial Femoral Tunnel Positioning During Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis", "Ulnar Neuritis and Its Affect on Outcomes of Elbow Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction", "Remained Large Bone Fragment of Bony Bankart Lesion in Shoulders With a Subcritical Glenoid Defect at Recurrent Anter

  • AJSM December 2021 Podcast: Association Between Excessive Joint Laxity and a Wider Hill-Sachs Lesion in Anterior Shoulder Instability

    29/11/2021 Duração: 11min

    Excessive general joint laxity, a negative prognostic factor in joint instability, has not been studied to determine its relationship with bipolar bone loss in anterior shoulder instability. In conclusion, patients with anterior shoulder instability and excessive joint laxity had significantly wider Hill-Sachs lesions and more off-track lesions than did those with normal joint laxity despite the lack of a significant difference in the glenoid bone defect. However, these differences in the Hill-Sachs lesion were not related to differences in the functional outcomes between the groups.   Click here to read the article.

  • AJSM December 2021 5-in-5 Podcast

    29/11/2021 Duração: 05min

    Five articles from the December 2021 issue summarized in five minutes, with the addition of a brief editorial commentary. The 5-in-5 feature is designed to give readers an overview of articles that may pique their interest and encourage more detailed reading. It may also be used by busy readers who would prefer a brief audio summary in order to select the articles they want to read in full. The featured articles for this month are, "Obesity Impairs Enthesis Healing After Rotator Cuff Repair in a Rat Model", "The Effectiveness of Intramedullary Screw Fixation Using the Herbert Screw for Fifth Metatarsal Stress Fractures in High-Level Athletes", "Can We Eliminate Opioids After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction? A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial", "One Bony Morphology, Two Pathologic Entities: Sex-Based Differences in Patients With Borderline Hip Dysplasia Undergoing Hip Arthroscopy", and "Midterm Results After Isolated Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction as First-Line Surgical Treatme

  • AJSM November 2021 Podcast: What Is the Most Reliable Method of Measuring Glenoid Bone Loss in Anterior Glenohumeral Instability? A Cadaveric Study Comparing Different Measurement Techniques for Glenoid Bone Loss

    29/10/2021 Duração: 28min

    Preoperative quantification of bone loss has a significant effect on surgical decision making and patient outcomes. Various measurement techniques for calculating glenoid bone loss have been proposed in the literature. To date, no studies have directly compared measurement techniques to determine which technique, if any, is the most reliable. In conclusion, glenoid bone loss calculation presents variability depending on the measurement technique, with different consistencies and accuracies. We recommend use of the Barchilon method by surgeons who frequently measure glenoid bone loss, because this method presents the best combined consistency and accuracy. However, for surgeons who measure glenoid bone loss occasionally, the most consistent method is the Giles method, although an adjustment for the overestimation bias may be required.   Click here to read the article.

  • AJSM November 2021 5-in-5 Podcast

    29/10/2021 Duração: 04min

    Five articles from the November 2021 issue summarized in five minutes, with the addition of a brief editorial commentary. The 5-in-5 feature is designed to give readers an overview of articles that may pique their interest and encourage more detailed reading. It may also be used by busy readers who would prefer a brief audio summary in order to select the articles they want to read in full. The featured articles for this month are, "MRI Signal Intensity of Quadriceps Tendon Autograft and Hamstring Tendon Autograft 1 Year After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Adolescent Athletes", "Return to Sports and Minimum 2-Year Outcomes of Bilateral Hip Arthroscopy in High-Level Athletes With a Propensity-Matched Benchmarking Against a Unilateral Control Group", "Salvage Iliac Crest Bone Grafting for a Failed Latarjet Procedure: Analysis of Failed and Successful Procedures", "Shoulder External Rotational Properties During Physical Examination Are Associated With Injury That Requires Surgery and Shoulder Join

  • AJSM October 2021 Podcast: Coracoid or Clavicle Fractures Associated With Coracoclavicular Ligament Reconstruction

    27/09/2021 Duração: 15min

    Coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction is a commonly performed procedure for high-grade acromioclavicular (AC) joint separations. Although distal clavicle and coracoid process fractures represent potential complications, they have been described in only case reports and small case series. In conclusion, fracture of the distal clavicle or coracoid process after CC ligament repair or reconstruction is a rare but serious complication that can occur independent of bone tunnels created during the index procedure. Fractures associated with CC ligament procedures occurred at a rate of 2.46 per 100 cases. Most patients were ultimately treated surgically with open reduction and internal fixation or revision CC ligament reconstruction. Although the majority of patients with intraoperative or postoperative fractures regained full range of motion, complications such as anterior shoulder pain, AC joint asymmetry, and activity-related weakness were common sequelae resulting in physical limitations and separation fro

  • AJSM October 2021 5-in-5 Podcast

    27/09/2021 Duração: 05min

    Five articles from the October 2021 issue summarized in five minutes, with the addition of a brief editorial commentary. The 5-in-5 feature is designed to give readers an overview of articles that may pique their interest and encourage more detailed reading. It may also be used by busy readers who would prefer a brief audio summary in order to select the articles they want to read in full. The featured articles for this month are, "Implementation of Percutaneous Transforaminal Endoscopic Discectomyin Competitive Elite Athletes With Lumbar Disc Herniation: Original Study and Review of the Literature", "Familial Risk and Its InteractionWith Body Mass Index and Physical Activity in Anterior Cruciate LigamentInjury Among First-Degree Relatives: A Population-Based Cohort Study", "Radial Head Lag: A Possible Biomechanical Mechanism for OsteochondritisDissecans of the Capitellum in Baseball Players", "Clinical and Structural Results of RotatorCuff Repair Compared With Rotator CuffDebridement in Arthroscopic Treatmen

  • AJSM September 2021 Podcast: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Single-Row With Double-Row Fixation in Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: Long-Term Follow-up

    03/09/2021 Duração: 14min

    The long-term outcomes of single- versus double-row fixation in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair are not currently known. In conclusion, a statistically significant (but likely not clinically important) difference in WORC scores was seen at 10-year follow-up in favor of double-row fixation. Between baseline and 10-year follow-up, a decrease in most outcome scores was observed in both the single- and the double-row groups.   Click here to read the article.

  • AJSM September 2021 5-in-5 Podcast

    03/09/2021 Duração: 05min

    Five articles from the September 2021 issue summarized in five minutes, with the addition of a brief editorial commentary. The 5-in-5 feature is designed to give readers an overview of articles that may pique their interest and encourage more detailed reading. It may also be used by busy readers who would prefer a brief audio summary in order to select the articles they want to read in full. The featured articles for this month are, "Prediction of Shoulder Stiffness AfterArthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair", "Multicenter Outcomes After RevisionHip Arthroscopy: Comparative Analysis of 2-Year OutcomesAfter Labral Repair Versus Labral Reconstruction", "Lateral Extra-articular Tenodesis AltersLateral Compartment Contact Mechanicsunder Simulated Pivoting Maneuvers: An In Vitro Study", "Creation and Validation of a ShorthandMagnetic Resonance Imaging Bone AgeAssessment Tool of the Knee as anAlternative Skeletal Maturity Assessment", and "Outcomes of Surgically TreatedFifth Metatarsal Fractures in MajorLeague Soccer At

  • AJSM August 2021 Podcast: Blood Flow Restriction Training for the Shoulder: A Case for Proximal Benefit

    04/08/2021 Duração: 18min

    Although blood flow restriction (BFR) is becoming increasingly popular in physical therapy and athletic training settings, little is known about the effects of BFR combined with low-intensity exercise (LIX) on muscles proximal to the site of occlusion. In conclusion, combined BFR-LIX may yield greater increases in shoulder and arm lean mass, strength, and muscular endurance compared with fatiguing LIX alone during rotator cuff exercises. These findings may be due, in part, to a greater activation of shoulder muscles while using BFR.   Click here to read the article.

  • AJSM August 2021 5-in-5 Podcast

    04/08/2021 Duração: 05min

    Five articles from the August 2021 issue summarized in five minutes, with the addition of a brief editorial commentary. The 5-in-5 feature is designed to give readers an overview of articles that may pique their interest and encourage more detailed reading. It may also be used by busy readers who would prefer a brief audio summary in order to select the articles they want to read in full. The featured articles for this month are, "Neither Residual Anterior Knee Laxity Up to 6 mm nor a Pivot Glide Predict Patient-Reported Outcome Scores or Subsequent Knee Surgery Between 2 and 6 Years After ACL Reconstruction", "Running Biomechanics Before Injury and 1 Year After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Division I Collegiate Athletes", "Lateral Ligament Reconstruction With Hamstring Graft for Ankle Instability: Outcomes for Primary and Revision Cases", "Clinical-Grade MRI-Based Methods to Identify Combined Anatomic Factors That Predict ACL Injury Risk in Male and Female Athletes", and "Factor Structure of

  • AJSM July 2021 Podcast: Arthroscopic Versus Open Anterior Shoulder Stabilization: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial With 15-Year Follow-up With an Assessment of the Glenoid Being “On-Track” and “Off-Track” as a Predictor of Failure

    29/06/2021 Duração: 21min

    Recent studies have demonstrated equivalent short-term results when comparing arthroscopic versus open anterior shoulder stabilization. However, none have evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes of patients after arthroscopic or open anterior shoulder stabilization, with inclusion of an assessment of preoperative glenoid tracking. In conclusion, long-term clinical outcomes were comparable at 15 years postoperatively between the arthroscopic and open stabilization groups. The presence of an off-track lesion may be associated with a higher rate of recurrent instability in both cohorts at long-term follow-up; however, this study was underpowered to verify this situation.   Click here to read the article.

  • AJSM July 2021 5-in-5 Podcast

    29/06/2021 Duração: 05min

    Five articles from the July 2021 issue summarized in five minutes, with the addition of a brief editorial commentary. The 5-in-5 feature is designed to give readers an overview of articles that may pique their interest and encourage more detailed reading. It may also be used by busy readers who would prefer a brief audio summary in order to select the articles they want to read in full. The featured articles for this month are, "Defining Critical Glenoid Bone Loss in Posterior Shoulder Capsulolabral Repair", "High Rate of Initially Overlooked Kaplan Fiber Complex Injuries in Patients With Isolated Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury", "Effect of Preoperative Imaging and Patient Factors on Clinically Meaningful Outcomes and Quality of Life After Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation: A Machine Learning Analysis of Cartilage Defects of the Knee", "Epidemiology and Long-Term Outcomes of Wrist Sprains in Military Academy Cadets", and "Graft Failure, Revision ACLR, and Reoperation Rates After ACLR With Quadriceps

  • AJSM June 2021 Podcast: Epidemiology of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears in the National Football League

    01/06/2021 Duração: 17min

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are common in contact athletics and have a significant effect on the athletic performance and well-being of affected players. The prevalence, timing, and characteristics of ACL tears in National Football League (NFL) athletes are lacking. In conclusion, ACL injury incidence was fairly consistent across all years studied and occurred more frequently in players with ≤3 years of NFL experience. Tears were more common during games, special teams play, and the preseason.   Click here to read the article.

  • AJSM June 2021 5-in-5 Podcast

    01/06/2021 Duração: 05min

    Five articles from the June 2021 issue summarized in five minutes, with the addition of a brief editorial commentary. The 5-in-5 feature is designed to give readers an overview of articles that may pique their interest and encourage more detailed reading. It may also be used by busy readers who would prefer a brief audio summary in order to select the articles they want to read in full. The featured articles for this month are, "Intra-articular Injection of Bevacizumab Enhances Bone Marrow Stimulation–Mediated Cartilage Repair in a Rabbit Osteochondral Defect Model", "Pertrochanteric Calcifications in Patients With Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome: Description, Prevalence, and Correlation With Intraoperatively Diagnosed Hip Abductor Injuries", "Sex-Related Differences in the Incidence, Severity, and Recovery of Concussion in Adolescent Student-Athletes Between 2009 and 2019", "Arthroscopic Matrix-Assisted Autologous Chondrocyte Transplantation Versus Microfracture: A 6-Year Follow-up of a Prospective Random

  • AJSM May 2021 Podcast: Clinical Risk Profile for a Second Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Female Soccer Players After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    28/04/2021 Duração: 15min

    The risk of a second anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury when participating in pivoting sports after ACL reconstruction is high. Risk factors associated with a second ACL injury are complex. In conclusion, the risk profiles selected by CART could accurately identify female soccer players at high risk for a second ACL injury. There was an interaction between functional performance, clinical assessment, and psychological factors, and it is reasonable to include these factors in return-to-sport decisions and in athlete screening after ACL injury.   Click here to read the article.

  • AJSM May 2021 5-in-5 Podcast

    28/04/2021 Duração: 05min

    Five articles from the May 2021 issue summarized in five minutes, with the addition of a brief editorial commentary. The 5-in-5 feature is designed to give readers an overview of articles that may pique their interest and encourage more detailed reading. It may also be used by busy readers who would prefer a brief audio summary in order to select the articles they want to read in full. The featured articles for this month are, "Effect of Tibial Tunnel Placement Using the Lateral Meniscus as a Landmark on Clinical Outcomes of Anatomic Single-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction", "Ulnar Collateral Ligament Laxity After Repetitive Pitching: Associated Factors in High School Baseball Pitchers", "Overlapping Allografts Provide Superior and More Reliable Surface Topography Matching Than Oblong Allografts: A Computer-Simulated Model Study", "Evaluation of the Circles Measurement and the ABC Classification of Acromioclavicular Joint Injuries", and "Influence of Preoperative Tunnel   the Outcomes of a Sin

  • AJSM April 2021 Podcast: Donor-Specific Human Leukocyte Antigen Antibody Formation After Allograft Glenoid Reconstruction Occurs But Does Not Impact Clinicoradiographic Outcomes

    27/03/2021 Duração: 15min

    Recurrent shoulder instability is a prevalent condition, with glenoid bone loss as a common cause. Arthroscopic repair using distal tibial allografts provides long-lasting treatment by restoring glenoid surface area and presumably avoids risks of sensitization against donor human leukocyte antigen (HLA). Two case studies have challenged this assumption, suggesting that small bone allografts are able to induce host adaptive immune responses to donor HLA. The incidence of small bone allograft HLA sensitization and its effects on resorption and patient outcomes are unclear. In conclusion, sensitization against donor HLA after small bone graft allografting was not previously considered but has been brought to light as a possibility. Aside from potential complications for future organ transplants, HLA sensitization does not introduce a risk for adverse outcomes or higher grades of resorption compared with nonsensitized patients after small bone allografting for shoulder instability.   Click here to read the articl

  • AJSM April 2021 5-in-5 Podcast

    26/03/2021 Duração: 05min

    Five articles from the April 2021 issue summarized in five minutes, with the addition of a brief editorial commentary. The 5-in-5 feature is designed to give readers an overview of articles that may pique their interest and encourage more detailed reading. It may also be used by busy readers who would prefer a brief audio summary in order to select the articles they want to read in full. The featured articles for this month are, "Arthroscopic Bankart Repair Versus Immobilization for First Episode of Anterior Shoulder Dislocation Before the Age of 25: A Randomized Controlled Trial", "Return-to-Play Outcomes in Professional Baseball Players After Nonoperative Treatment of Incomplete Medial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries: A Long-Term Follow-up Study", "Concussion History and Balance Performance in Adolescent Rugby Union Players", "Risk of Conversion to Arthroplasty After Hip Arthroscopy: Validation of a Published Risk Score Using an Independent, Prospectively Collected Database", and "Effect of Early Residua

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